From repairing areas of tooth decay to replacing missing teeth, restorative dentistry ensures you maintain a healthy, beautiful smile.
Fillings are used to restore tooth damage caused by tooth decay. After removing the decay and cleaning the area the dentist adds filling material. Fillings are made from traditional amalgam (silver colored) gold, silver, or a composite (tooth colored). Composite fillings, in addition to being more esthetically pleasing, bond directly to the tooth surface unlike traditional fillings.
- Tooth coloured fillings (composite, GI)
- Esthetically-pleasing (tooth coloured)
- Conservative tooth preparation (less ‘cutting’ of tooth structure required)
- Silver fillings (Dental amalgam)
- ‘Stronger’ than tooth coloured fillings
- Can last for decades!
- It is important to note that mercury in amalgam fillings is miniscule compared to the amount in a can of tuna.
Dental bonding is composed of a ceramic resin that is brushed onto the tooth and hardened with intense light. Prior to bonding application the tooth surface must be prepared to accept the bonding. This is accomplished by roughening the tooth surface and applying a gel to micro-etch the surface. A primer agent is then applied so the bond will adhere properly. Dental bonding is used for:
- Repairing tooth decay damage.Improve tooth alignment
- Fill gaps between teeth
- Cosmetic reasons (improve tooth appearance)
Crowns (‘caps’, all metal, porcelain, zirconia) are used to restore severely damaged teeth due to fracture or decay. After the tooth surface is cleaned and prepared the crown is placed to cover the remainder of the tooth. The crown strengthens the tooth structure and helps prevent future decay. Crowns also improve the tooth’s look, shape, and alignment.
A root canal becomes needed when tooth decay is so badly neglected it reaches the tooth pulp. Once the pulp is infected it cannot heal on its own. Sometimes tooth trauma such as a fracture can lead to the need for a root canal as well. In addition to being painful, untreated infections can reach the root tip and compromise the entire immune system.
Symptoms of pulp infections may be:
- Sensitivity to hot/cold
- Sensitivity to sweets
- Pain, especially when biting
- Bad taste in the mouth
A root canal procedure includes cleaning out the infected pulp, disinfecting the canals and filling the void with a rubber like substance to prevent further infection. Sometimes a crown is recommended to restore the tooth shape, look, and to strengthen the tooth structure.
Complete & Partial Dentures
Dentures are a “replacement” option for missing teeth. Dentures come in 2 varieties: partial dentures and full dentures. The difference between the two lies in how many natural teeth remain.
A complete denture is a removable prosthesis of white plastic teeth in a pink gum-colored plastic base that rests on the remaining gum ridge once all of the teeth in the arch have been removed.
It is important to note that life with an upper denture, a lower denture, and especially both, is a major lifestyle change when compared to natural teeth. Dentures impact the type of food you are able to eat, your self-confidence in social situations, and even your self-esteem.
Reasons For A Full Denture
- All teeth missing in the same arch
- Restore chewing ability
- Restore a natural looking smile
- Economical alternative to other procedures
An upper full denture will almost always feel better than a lower full denture. In order to dramatically improve the fit of a lower full denture, we frequently suggest using dental implants as a retentive mechanism. Two dental implants placed in the lower jaw can help anchor the denture and significantly improve comfort. Sometimes, the implants can even be placed in the jaw after a denture has been in use for several years.
A tooth extraction is the procedure done to remove a tooth from its socket in the jawbone that is damaged beyond repair.
Extractions are generally classified as either non-surgical (also known as “simple”) or surgical (involving cutting procedures). A simple procedure can quickly become a surgical procedure if the tooth fractures or refuses to loosen under pressure. We perform these procedures only after making the extraction site(s) profoundly numb.